Infectious Diseases Medicine

Female doctor speaking with a male patient
Female doctor speaking with a male patient
Female doctor speaking with a male patient

Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Infections

Infectious diseases are caused by germs, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Germs are found everywhere, including on your skin and in your body. Many germs are harmless, but some can make you sick and lead to infections such as influenza, pneumonia, urinary tract infections and many others.

Infectious disease physicians at Aiken Physicians Alliance have expertise in bacterial, fungal and viral infections. They can help diagnose and manage chronic or recurring infections, including:

  • Influenza
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Strep throat
  • Skin infections
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
  • Thrush
  • Athlete’s foot

They also provide management of antimicrobial resistance and management of immunocompromising conditions such as organ transplant. In addition, they run a vaccination clinic and travel clinic to help keep you up-to-date on all your vaccinations before traveling abroad.

Four main types of germs that cause infectious diseases

  • Bacteria multiply quickly. They may give off toxins, which can make you sick. Common bacterial infections are strep throat and urinary tract infections.
  • Viruses invade your cells so they can multiply. This can kill, damage or change cells and make you sick. Common viral infections include HIV and the common cold.
  • Fungi are plant-like organisms such as mushrooms, mold, mildew and yeasts. Common fungal infections are athlete’s foot and yeast infections.
  • Parasites survive by living on or in other living things. Infections caused by parasites are malaria and head lice.

Treatments for infectious diseases

Some infectious diseases can be treated with medications, including antibiotics and antiviral, antifungal and anti-parasitic medicines. But for others, such as some caused by viruses, only the symptoms can be treated.

How to avoid getting an infectious diseases

You can get an infectious disease in many ways. This includes by being in close contact with someone who is sick, by touching something that has germs on it, by being bitten by an insect or animal or by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.

Here are some of the best ways to avoid getting an infectious disease:

  • Get vaccinated to train your immune system to recognize and fight off infections
  • Wash your hands often to kill any germs
  • Handle food safely
  • Avoid contact with wild animals
  • Practice safe sex
  • Don’t share items such as toothbrushes, combs and straws


Aiken Physicians Alliance Internal Medicine
102 Summerwood Way
Aiken, SC 29803
Phone: (803) 649-5300
FAX: (803) 649-0056